Pioneers – Hunters, Farmers, Traders, and Frontiersmen

Home to frontiersmen, hunters, farmers, and traders from France and Britain since at least 1674, Jackson County was incorporated in 1831 when formed from parts of Kanawha, Mason, and Wood counties. It was later subdivided with Wood County to create Wirt County (1848) and then Roane County (by succession vote) in 1856. By 1674, the first known frontiersman to reach what is now Jackson County, Gabriel Arthur, is recorded with his account of having encountered a large Native American Village here. The year 1703 saw British traders reach the area, with French traders arriving in 1796.

Early Land Patent Claims and Deeds

A 1770 survey of now-Jackson County by George Washington, Dr. James Craik, and Col. Wm. Crawford resulted in land patent claims in 1793, with other land deeded to Albert Gallatin. Although wholesale settlement was forestalled due to the threat of war with Native Americans, European settlers arrived steadily throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. An abundance of information is available online referencing the early West Virginia pioneers, including vital statistics and genealogical information for those with an interest in this topic.